K-12 SSDB News See All News

Are School Shootings Becoming More Frequent? We Ran The Numbers

By Luis Melgar Published on May 21, 2019 If in recent years it seems that school shootings are happening more frequently, occupying public discourse and media coverage, it’s because they are. Although school shootings are still very rare compared to daily gun violence, the data show they are happening more often. It can be hard to measure school shootings...

The End of Police in Schools

By Lauren Camera, Senior Education Writer  Published on June 12, 2020   As demonstrations over the death of George Floyd spread across the country, school districts are reevaluating the use of resource officers. Two days later, Portland Public Schools followed suit, with Superintendent Guadalupe Guerrero announcing that the district will discontinue the regular presence of police...

Academic Research and Reports See All Academics

Effects of School Shootings on Risky Behavior, Health and Human Capital

Partha Deb and Anjelica Gangaram
In this paper, we examine the impact of school shootings on the human health and capital outcomes of middle and high school student survivors as adults in their twenties and early thirties. Our data on school shooting events is from a recent, comprehensive database of school shootings compiled by the Center for Homeland Defense and Security. The analytic dataset contains incidents from 1994-2005 in conjunction with Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System survey data from 2003-2012 on respondents 23 to 32 years of age. We find substantial evidence that, relative to their unexposed peers, school shooting survivors experience declines in health and well-being, engage in more risky behaviors, and have worse education and labor market outcomes. The effects among those exposed in the more recent past, 6-12 years prior to the survey, are consistent with those of the full sample. The significance of effects dissipates among those exposed earlier, 13-18 years prior to the survey.

Perceived safety and preparedness for active shooter incidents among undergraduate students

Abigail Andersena, Cassidy Scotta, Jason Wilson, Akiko Kobayashia
Active shooter (AS) situations on school campuses have been a serious threat. Students play a significant role in the effectiveness of safety procedures in these situations. Evaluating student perceptions of preparedness and safety is important as schools implement as preparedness policies. This study was conducted at a private university in the US. A total of 421 undergraduate students participated in a survey that asked about their perceptions of preparedness and safety at their University. The survey was sent to the students via email. Inferential statistics were utilized for data analyses. The results indicated that students who were more involved in emergency preparedness activities had both a higher awareness of susceptibility and higher perceptions of preparedness and safety. Providing appropriate emergency preparedness programs may help students familiarize themselves with the resources and enhance their preparedness.

Feeling Unsafe at School and Associated Mental Health Difficulties among Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Yuko Mori, Elina Tiiri, Prakash Khanal, Jayden Khakurel, Kaisa Mishina, and Andre Sourander
Abstract: This study systematically reviewed the literature on perceived school safety. We investigated the prevalence, factors and associated mental health difficulties, as well as cross-cultural findings. Five databases were searched up to 9 February 2021 for peer-reviewed papers published in English. We included quantitative studies that explored the perception of school safety among children and adolescents. The reference lists of the selected papers were also searched. We conducted a narrative synthesis of the included studies. The review included 43 papers. The mean prevalence of the students who felt unsafe at school was 19.4% and ranged from 6.1% to 69.1%. Their perceived safety was associated with a wide range of personal, school, and social factors. Not feeling safe at school was related to being victimized and mental health difficulties, including depressive symptoms and suicidal behavior. Higher perceived school safety was associated with measures such as the presence of a security officer and fair school rule enforcement. The results showed the lack of cross-cultural studies on perceived school safety. Empirical studies are needed that examine the mechanisms of school safety, using valid measures. A clear definition of school safety should be considered a key aspect of future studies.

Reported Stories

Date Source Link
December 31, 2019 NewStatesman https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/staggers/2019/12/z-gen-z-kids-putting-world-shame
December 13, 2019 ABC News https://abcnews.go.com/US/schools-shootings-common-incidents-radar-2019/story?id=67040402
December 4, 2019 Carolina Public Press. https://carolinapublicpress.org/29604/new-funding-may-help-school-districts-enhance-security-prevent-violence/
December 2, 2019 TMJ-4 Milwaukee https://www.tmj4.com/news/i-team/there-have-been-8-school-shootings-in-wisconsin-since-2009
November 15, 2019 ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/US/entire-community-changed-forever-california-shooting-victims-face/story?id=67034630
November 14, 2019 ABC News. https://abc7.com/santa-clarita-attack-is-latest-in-rising-number-of-us-school-shootings/5698203/
November 14, 2019 ABC News. https://abc7.com/school-shootings-in-america-see-a-map-of-all-incidents-from-2010-2019/5697308/
September 18, 2019 MSN. https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/sandy-hook-promise-psa-gives-graphic-look-at-school-shootings/ar-AAHtUsH
September 18, 2019 The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/sep/18/sandy-hook-group-releases-hard-to-watch-school-shooting-awareness-video
September 18, 2019 USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/09/18/sandy-hook-promise-psa-gives-graphic-look-school-shootings/2301317001/
September 18, 2019 MarketWatch. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/warning-this-sandy-hook-promise-psa-may-be-exceedingly-difficult-to-watch-2019-09-18
September 18, 2019 NewYork Post. https://nypost.com/2019/09/18/this-chilling-back-to-school-psa-shows-the-new-normal-for-americas-kids/
September 4, 2019 MLive. https://www.mlive.com/news/2019/09/48m-michigan-high-school-designed-to-thwart-active-shooters.html
September 3, 2019 Cognoscenti. https://www.wbur.org/cognoscenti/2019/09/03/gun-violence-back-to-school-stephen-lane
August 23, 2019 Campus Safety. https://www.campussafetymagazine.com/safety/back-to-school-health-safety-tips-resources/
August 22, 2019 Government Technology. https://www.govtech.com/biz/School-Safety-Package-Includes-AI-Social-Media-Monitoring.html
August 21, 2019 Montana Public Radio. https://www.mtpr.org/post/25-years-later-parents-butte-school-shooting-victim-speak-out
August 20, 2019 Montana Public Radio. https://www.mtpr.org/post/montana-summit-addresses-school-shootings
August 12, 2019 France 24. https://www.france24.com/en/video/20190812-bulletproof-backpacks-sales-soar-us-after-shootings
August 9, 2019 KXII News. https://www.kxii.com/content/news/Grayson-College-hosts-Why-Teens-Kill-seminar-530660261.html
May 17, 2019 Guns & America. https://www.ideastream.org/news/are-school-shootings-becoming-more-frequent-we-ran-the-numbers
May 14, 2019 FactCheck.org. https://www.factcheck.org/2019/05/meme-inflates-school-shooting-deaths/
May 13, 2019 The Crime Report https://thecrimereport.org/2019/05/12/nations-school-attack-toll-202-deaths-since-1970/
May 11, 2019 The New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/05/11/us/school-shootings-united-states.html
May 11, 2019 Chattanooga Times Free Press. https://www.timesfreepress.com/news/opinion/times/story/2019/may/11/sohn-school-shootings-more-numerous-reported/494448/
May 10, 2019 FOX17 Nashville. https://fox17.com/news/local/tennessee-among-states-with-most-incidents-involving-guns-at-schools-since-1970
May 8, 2019 U.S. News & World Report. https://www.usnews.com/news/top-news/articles/2019-05-08/factbox-us-states-with-the-most-and-fewest-school-shootings
May 8, 2019 Reuters https://www.reuters.com/article/us-colorado-shooting-states-factbox/factbox-u-s-states-with-the-most-and-fewest-school-shootings-idUSKCN1SE2EX
May 8, 2019 The Inquirer. https://www.philly.com/news/nation-world/colorado-school-shooting-2019-stem-highlands-ranch-viral-picture-20190508.html
May 7, 2019 Refinery29. https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2019/05/232069/school-shootings-europe-usa-differences-marieke-nijkamp-author-essay
April 28, 2019 The News-Gazette. http://www.news-gazette.com/arts-entertainment/local/2019-04-28/jeffrey-eric-jenkinsreview-the-exhale-will-make-you-hug-your
April 23, 2019 Times of San Diego. https://timesofsandiego.com/opinion/2019/04/23/opinion-the-hard-truths-about-how-to-prevent-school-shootings/
April 19, 2019 New York Daily News https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/ny-how-america-changed-twenty-years-after-columbine-20190418-kdf37bfggzazfdtiijg3wesiua-story.html
April 19, 2019 Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/graphics/school-shooters-similarities/
April 19, 2019 NBC CT. https://www.nbcconnecticut.com/news/national-international/School-Shootings-Since-Columbine-508503771.html
April 19, 2019 Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/sfl-columbine-20-years-clone-20190419-story.html
April 19, 2019 The Seattle Times. https://www.seattletimes.com/opinion/what-we-know-about-school-mass-shootings-since-columbine-and-how-to-prevent-them/
April 19, 2019 New Jersey On-Line. https://www.nj.com/hudson/2019/04/20-years-ago-the-columbine-massacre-changed-everything-about-school-security.html
April 19, 2019 Arkansas Democrat Gazette. https://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2019/apr/17/report-school-safety-measures-fall-shor/
April 18, 2019 CALmatters. https://calmatters.org/articles/commentary/school-shootings/
April 17, 2019 The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/graphics/school-shooters-similarities/?mod=e2tw
April 16, 2019 Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/04/16/study-theres-no-evidence-that-hardening-schools-make-kids-safer-gun-violence-actually-works/
April 16, 2019 New York Daily News. https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/ny-poll-shows-parents-think-schools-are-less-safe-20190416-zbjjeswjsvanxdivqmsfyskypa-story.html
April 2, 2019 Government Technology. https://www.govtech.com/em/emergency-blogs/disaster-zone/k-12-school-shooting-database.html
March 13, 2019 WUSA 9. https://www.wusa9.com/article/news/verify-yes-2018-was-the-worst-year-for-gun-violence-on-school-grounds/65-6520e8f8-e032-4182-8997-d0d0ff6a6fe2
February 14, 2019 New Statesman. https://www.newstatesman.com/world/north-america/2019/02/life-after-parkland
February 13, 2019 Penn Live. https://www.pennlive.com/news/2019/02/pa-hands-out-money-to-boost-school-safety-but-districts-struggle-to-find-the-right-ways-to-prevent-shootings.html
February 12, 2019 WAMU. https://wamu.org/story/19/02/12/multiple-victim-school-shootings-are-rare-but-they-are-becoming-more-common-and-more-deadly/
February 12, 2019 Jezebel. https://jezebel.com/school-shootings-and-the-cheerily-gruesome-world-of-di-1830690699
February 11, 2019 Politifact. https://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2019/feb/11/alcee-hastings/was-there-one-school-shooting-week-2018-florida-la/
February 8, 2019 WKMG News 6. https://www.clickorlando.com/news/gun-violence/gun-violence-a-growing-threat-at-american-schools
February 8, 2019 The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/school-shooters-usually-show-these-signs-of-distress-long-before-they-open-fire-our-database-shows-111242
February 5, 2019 Inquirer.net. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1081759/p2fb-13-year-old-boy-detained-after-telling-siri-im-going-to-shoot-up-a-school
February 3, 2019 Newsweek. https://www.newsweek.com/13-year-old-student-arrested-after-telling-siri-im-going-shoot-school-1316294
Date Source Link
December 26, 2018 The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/school-shooting-greeting-cards-parkland-florida-video-a8700066.html
December 18, 2018 Campus Security & Life Safety. https://campuslifesecurity.com/articles/2018/12/18/data-shows-2018-worst-year-on-record-for-gun-violence-in-schools.aspx
December 14, 2018 Time. http://time.com/5479993/gun-deaths-us-cdc/
December 14, 2018 Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/american-gun-violence-statistics-768853/
December 13, 2018 Governing. http://www.governing.com/topics/public-justice-safety/gov-school-shooting-panic-button.html
December 12, 2018 The Inquirer. http://www2.philly.com/news/report-gun-violence-school-shootings--20181212.html
December 12, 2018 BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-46507514
December 10, 2018 Yahoo News. https://news.yahoo.com/imagining-school-shooting-gunmans-eyes-sandy-hook-promise-releases-chilling-new-video-221435210.html
December 10, 2018 Vox. https://www.vox.com/2018/12/10/18134232/gun-violence-schools-mass-shootings
December 10, 2018 Taipei Times. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2018/12/10/2003705859
December 9, 2018 Slate. https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/12/school-gun-violence-reaches-new-record-in-2018.html
December 9, 2018 The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/dec/09/sandy-hook-promise-gun-violence-school-shooting-report-2018
December 9, 2018 RT. https://www.rt.com/usa/446017-gun-violence-schools-america/
November 13, 2018 THE Journal. https://thejournal.com/articles/2018/11/13/database-provides-accurate-accounting-of-school-shootings.aspx
October 24, 2018 American Security Today. https://americansecuritytoday.com/k-12-school-firearm-incidents-everyone-know-multi-video/
October 15, 2018 Campus Safety Magazine. https://www.campussafetymagazine.com/safety/k-12-school-shooting-statistics-everyone-should-know/
October 13, 2018 NPR. https://www.npr.org/2018/10/13/656979284/new-findings-on-school-shootings-hurricane-shuts-classrooms-and-midterm-ballots-
October 12, 2018 VICE News. https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/yw9kqy/the-government-is-finally-tracking-school-shootings-the-numbers-are-alarming
October 11, 2018 Campus Security & Life Safety. https://campuslifesecurity.com/articles/2018/10/11/students-create-database-of-every-k12-school-shooting.aspx?admgarea=Topics&m=1
October 9, 2018 WIVB Buffalo, NY. https://www.wivb.com/news/national/database-shows-information-on-school-shootings-in-us/1509455151
October 9, 2018 KOLD Tucson, AZ. http://www.tucsonnewsnow.com/2018/10/09/new-database-includes-school-shootings-past-decades/
October 9, 2018 WAVY Portsmouth, VA. https://www.wavy.com/news/national/database-shows-information-on-school-shootings-in-us/1509766823
October 9, 2018 WTNH New Haven, CT. https://www.wtnh.com/news/technology/california-students-create-school-shooting-database/1510085657
October 8, 2018 KSBW Monterey, CA. https://www.ksbw.com/article/all-central-coast-school-shootings-documented-in-new-database/23657504
October 8, 2018 WKBN Youngstown, OH. https://www.wkbn.com/news/local-news/database-of-school-shootings-includes-73-shooting-at-rayen-high-school/1509362149
October 1, 2018 Emergency Management. http://www.govtech.com/em/emergency-blogs/disaster-zone/a-school-shooting-database.html
Date Source Link
April 14, 2021 Wilton Bulletin https://www.wiltonbulletin.com/news/article/Knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-16099830.php
April 14, 2021 The Stamford Advocate https://www.stamfordadvocate.com/news/article/Knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-16099830.php
April 14, 2021 New Canaan Advertiser https://www.ncadvertiser.com/news/article/Knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-16099830.php
April 14, 2021 Patriot News (Pennsylvania) https://www.pennlive.com/opinion/2021/04/knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-reminder-of-a-familiar-but-preventable-threat-opinion.html
April 14, 2021 The Intelligencer https://www.theintelligencer.com/news/article/Knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-16099830.php
April 14, 2021 The Telegraph https://www.thetelegraph.com/news/article/Knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-16099830.php
April 14, 2021 The Conversation https://theconversation.com/knoxville-school-shooting-serves-as-stark-reminder-of-a-familiar-but-preventable-threat-158916
March 31, 2021 Patch News https://patch.com/us/across-america/school-violence-u-s-thwarted-when-others-speak-report
February 18, 2021 Contemporary Pediatrics https://www.contemporarypediatrics.com/view/can-armed-officers-reduce-injury-and-death-in-school-shootings
February 16, 2021 Minnesota Public Radio https://www.mprnews.org/story/2021/02/16/research-finds-armed-officers-increases-mortality-at-school-shootings
February 14, 2021 WUFT https://www.wuft.org/news/2021/02/15/three-years-later-former-marjory-stoneman-douglas-students-at-uf-continue-to-advocate-heal-and-remember/