K-12 SSDB News See All News

Are School Shootings Becoming More Frequent? We Ran The Numbers

By Luis Melgar Published on May 21, 2019 If in recent years it seems that school shootings are happening more frequently, occupying public discourse and media coverage, it’s because they are. Although school shootings are still very rare compared to daily gun violence, the data show they are happening more often. It can be hard to measure school shootings...

The End of Police in Schools

By Lauren Camera, Senior Education Writer  Published on June 12, 2020   As demonstrations over the death of George Floyd spread across the country, school districts are reevaluating the use of resource officers. Two days later, Portland Public Schools followed suit, with Superintendent Guadalupe Guerrero announcing that the district will discontinue the regular presence of police...

Academic Research and Reports See All Academics

Active Assailant Crisis Prevention and Response: An Analysis of Teacher Perceptions

John Courson
A limited amount of research was found regarding teacher perceptions of their ability to respond to an active shooter incident. This study was intended to provide relevant information for school leaders to use in their efforts to improve school safety measures. Data was collected in a mixed-methods, explanatory model research study using a survey, the Active Assailant Prevention and Response Survey (AAPRS), and semi-structured interviews. Teachers enrolled in graduate-level education courses at a large university in the southeastern United States made up the study’s population. A majority of the sample population agreed that they were confident in the planning protocol (M = 3.22), confident regarding their school’s drills and procedures (M = 3.12), and confident in their ability to respond to an active school shooter (M = 3.01). Participants reported less confidence in the following areas: access to crisis management plans, involvement in developing crisis management plans, effectiveness of drills, training for faculty, training for students, and ability to protect students during an attack.

Exposure to a School Shooting and Subsequent Well-Being

Phillip B. Levine and Robin McKnight
This paper examines the impact of school shootings on the educational performance and long term health consequences of students who survive them, highlighting the impact of indiscriminate, high-fatality incidents. Initially, we focus on test scores in the years following a shooting. We also examine whether exposure to a shooting affects chronic absenteeism, which may play a role in explaining any such effect, and school expenditures, which may counteract it. We analyze national, school-district level data and additional school-level data from Connecticut in this part of the analysis. In terms of effects on health status, we focus on its most extreme measure, mortality in the years following a shooting. In this part of the analysis, we analyze county-level data on mortality by cause. In all analyses, we treat the timing of these events as random, enabling us to identify causal effects. Our results indicate that indiscriminate, high fatality school shootings, such as those that occurred at Sandy Hook and Columbine, have considerable adverse effects on students exposed to them. We cannot rule out substantive effects of other types of shootings with fewer or no fatalities.

Columbine and the Myth of the Juvenile Superpredator

Christopher M. Mosqueda, Brigham Young University
Mass media has great influence over its audience. When a sensational story hits the news waves, the general public’s attention is instantly riveted to the television screen. News stories that involve the deaths of innocent people often create a culture of fear, fuel false narratives, and scatter misinformation. In fact, this culture of fear, coupled with misleading information, created the myth of the juvenile superpredator, a phrase coined by DiIulio in the early 1990s. The stereotyped superpredator was a homicidal, uncontrollable youth hiding within areas where crime and violence are rare. In particular, this myth was propagated following the massacre at Columbine High School in 1999. Across time, misinformation and false narratives served to spotlight the perpetrators’ notoriety—their ultimate motivation for perpetrating this heinous attack.

Reported Stories

Date Source Link
December 31, 2019 NewStatesman https://www.newstatesman.com/politics/staggers/2019/12/z-gen-z-kids-putting-world-shame
December 13, 2019 ABC News https://abcnews.go.com/US/schools-shootings-common-incidents-radar-2019/story?id=67040402
December 4, 2019 Carolina Public Press. https://carolinapublicpress.org/29604/new-funding-may-help-school-districts-enhance-security-prevent-violence/
December 2, 2019 TMJ-4 Milwaukee https://www.tmj4.com/news/i-team/there-have-been-8-school-shootings-in-wisconsin-since-2009
November 15, 2019 ABC News. https://abcnews.go.com/US/entire-community-changed-forever-california-shooting-victims-face/story?id=67034630
November 14, 2019 ABC News. https://abc7.com/santa-clarita-attack-is-latest-in-rising-number-of-us-school-shootings/5698203/
November 14, 2019 ABC News. https://abc7.com/school-shootings-in-america-see-a-map-of-all-incidents-from-2010-2019/5697308/
September 18, 2019 MSN. https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/sandy-hook-promise-psa-gives-graphic-look-at-school-shootings/ar-AAHtUsH
September 18, 2019 The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/sep/18/sandy-hook-group-releases-hard-to-watch-school-shooting-awareness-video
September 18, 2019 USA Today. https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2019/09/18/sandy-hook-promise-psa-gives-graphic-look-school-shootings/2301317001/
September 18, 2019 MarketWatch. https://www.marketwatch.com/story/warning-this-sandy-hook-promise-psa-may-be-exceedingly-difficult-to-watch-2019-09-18
September 18, 2019 NewYork Post. https://nypost.com/2019/09/18/this-chilling-back-to-school-psa-shows-the-new-normal-for-americas-kids/
September 4, 2019 MLive. https://www.mlive.com/news/2019/09/48m-michigan-high-school-designed-to-thwart-active-shooters.html
September 3, 2019 Cognoscenti. https://www.wbur.org/cognoscenti/2019/09/03/gun-violence-back-to-school-stephen-lane
August 23, 2019 Campus Safety. https://www.campussafetymagazine.com/safety/back-to-school-health-safety-tips-resources/
August 22, 2019 Government Technology. https://www.govtech.com/biz/School-Safety-Package-Includes-AI-Social-Media-Monitoring.html
August 21, 2019 Montana Public Radio. https://www.mtpr.org/post/25-years-later-parents-butte-school-shooting-victim-speak-out
August 20, 2019 Montana Public Radio. https://www.mtpr.org/post/montana-summit-addresses-school-shootings
August 12, 2019 France 24. https://www.france24.com/en/video/20190812-bulletproof-backpacks-sales-soar-us-after-shootings
August 9, 2019 KXII News. https://www.kxii.com/content/news/Grayson-College-hosts-Why-Teens-Kill-seminar-530660261.html
May 17, 2019 Guns & America. https://www.ideastream.org/news/are-school-shootings-becoming-more-frequent-we-ran-the-numbers
May 14, 2019 FactCheck.org. https://www.factcheck.org/2019/05/meme-inflates-school-shooting-deaths/
May 13, 2019 The Crime Report https://thecrimereport.org/2019/05/12/nations-school-attack-toll-202-deaths-since-1970/
May 11, 2019 The New York Times https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/05/11/us/school-shootings-united-states.html
May 11, 2019 Chattanooga Times Free Press. https://www.timesfreepress.com/news/opinion/times/story/2019/may/11/sohn-school-shootings-more-numerous-reported/494448/
May 10, 2019 FOX17 Nashville. https://fox17.com/news/local/tennessee-among-states-with-most-incidents-involving-guns-at-schools-since-1970
May 8, 2019 U.S. News & World Report. https://www.usnews.com/news/top-news/articles/2019-05-08/factbox-us-states-with-the-most-and-fewest-school-shootings
May 8, 2019 Reuters https://www.reuters.com/article/us-colorado-shooting-states-factbox/factbox-u-s-states-with-the-most-and-fewest-school-shootings-idUSKCN1SE2EX
May 8, 2019 The Inquirer. https://www.philly.com/news/nation-world/colorado-school-shooting-2019-stem-highlands-ranch-viral-picture-20190508.html
May 7, 2019 Refinery29. https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/2019/05/232069/school-shootings-europe-usa-differences-marieke-nijkamp-author-essay
April 28, 2019 The News-Gazette. http://www.news-gazette.com/arts-entertainment/local/2019-04-28/jeffrey-eric-jenkinsreview-the-exhale-will-make-you-hug-your
April 23, 2019 Times of San Diego. https://timesofsandiego.com/opinion/2019/04/23/opinion-the-hard-truths-about-how-to-prevent-school-shootings/
April 19, 2019 New York Daily News https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/ny-how-america-changed-twenty-years-after-columbine-20190418-kdf37bfggzazfdtiijg3wesiua-story.html
April 19, 2019 Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/graphics/school-shooters-similarities/
April 19, 2019 NBC CT. https://www.nbcconnecticut.com/news/national-international/School-Shootings-Since-Columbine-508503771.html
April 19, 2019 Los Angeles Times. https://www.latimes.com/sfl-columbine-20-years-clone-20190419-story.html
April 19, 2019 The Seattle Times. https://www.seattletimes.com/opinion/what-we-know-about-school-mass-shootings-since-columbine-and-how-to-prevent-them/
April 19, 2019 New Jersey On-Line. https://www.nj.com/hudson/2019/04/20-years-ago-the-columbine-massacre-changed-everything-about-school-security.html
April 19, 2019 Arkansas Democrat Gazette. https://www.arkansasonline.com/news/2019/apr/17/report-school-safety-measures-fall-shor/
April 18, 2019 CALmatters. https://calmatters.org/articles/commentary/school-shootings/
April 17, 2019 The Wall Street Journal. https://www.wsj.com/graphics/school-shooters-similarities/?mod=e2tw
April 16, 2019 Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/education/2019/04/16/study-theres-no-evidence-that-hardening-schools-make-kids-safer-gun-violence-actually-works/
April 16, 2019 New York Daily News. https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/ny-poll-shows-parents-think-schools-are-less-safe-20190416-zbjjeswjsvanxdivqmsfyskypa-story.html
April 2, 2019 Government Technology. https://www.govtech.com/em/emergency-blogs/disaster-zone/k-12-school-shooting-database.html
March 13, 2019 WUSA 9. https://www.wusa9.com/article/news/verify-yes-2018-was-the-worst-year-for-gun-violence-on-school-grounds/65-6520e8f8-e032-4182-8997-d0d0ff6a6fe2
February 14, 2019 New Statesman. https://www.newstatesman.com/world/north-america/2019/02/life-after-parkland
February 13, 2019 Penn Live. https://www.pennlive.com/news/2019/02/pa-hands-out-money-to-boost-school-safety-but-districts-struggle-to-find-the-right-ways-to-prevent-shootings.html
February 12, 2019 WAMU. https://wamu.org/story/19/02/12/multiple-victim-school-shootings-are-rare-but-they-are-becoming-more-common-and-more-deadly/
February 12, 2019 Jezebel. https://jezebel.com/school-shootings-and-the-cheerily-gruesome-world-of-di-1830690699
February 11, 2019 Politifact. https://www.politifact.com/florida/statements/2019/feb/11/alcee-hastings/was-there-one-school-shooting-week-2018-florida-la/
February 8, 2019 WKMG News 6. https://www.clickorlando.com/news/gun-violence/gun-violence-a-growing-threat-at-american-schools
February 8, 2019 The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/school-shooters-usually-show-these-signs-of-distress-long-before-they-open-fire-our-database-shows-111242
February 5, 2019 Inquirer.net. https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1081759/p2fb-13-year-old-boy-detained-after-telling-siri-im-going-to-shoot-up-a-school
February 3, 2019 Newsweek. https://www.newsweek.com/13-year-old-student-arrested-after-telling-siri-im-going-shoot-school-1316294
Date Source Link
December 26, 2018 The Independent. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/school-shooting-greeting-cards-parkland-florida-video-a8700066.html
December 18, 2018 Campus Security & Life Safety. https://campuslifesecurity.com/articles/2018/12/18/data-shows-2018-worst-year-on-record-for-gun-violence-in-schools.aspx
December 14, 2018 Time. http://time.com/5479993/gun-deaths-us-cdc/
December 14, 2018 Rolling Stone. https://www.rollingstone.com/politics/politics-news/american-gun-violence-statistics-768853/
December 13, 2018 Governing. http://www.governing.com/topics/public-justice-safety/gov-school-shooting-panic-button.html
December 12, 2018 The Inquirer. http://www2.philly.com/news/report-gun-violence-school-shootings--20181212.html
December 12, 2018 BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-46507514
December 10, 2018 Yahoo News. https://news.yahoo.com/imagining-school-shooting-gunmans-eyes-sandy-hook-promise-releases-chilling-new-video-221435210.html
December 10, 2018 Vox. https://www.vox.com/2018/12/10/18134232/gun-violence-schools-mass-shootings
December 10, 2018 Taipei Times. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2018/12/10/2003705859
December 9, 2018 Slate. https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2018/12/school-gun-violence-reaches-new-record-in-2018.html
December 9, 2018 The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/dec/09/sandy-hook-promise-gun-violence-school-shooting-report-2018
December 9, 2018 RT. https://www.rt.com/usa/446017-gun-violence-schools-america/
November 13, 2018 THE Journal. https://thejournal.com/articles/2018/11/13/database-provides-accurate-accounting-of-school-shootings.aspx
October 24, 2018 American Security Today. https://americansecuritytoday.com/k-12-school-firearm-incidents-everyone-know-multi-video/
October 15, 2018 Campus Safety Magazine. https://www.campussafetymagazine.com/safety/k-12-school-shooting-statistics-everyone-should-know/
October 13, 2018 NPR. https://www.npr.org/2018/10/13/656979284/new-findings-on-school-shootings-hurricane-shuts-classrooms-and-midterm-ballots-
October 12, 2018 VICE News. https://news.vice.com/en_us/article/yw9kqy/the-government-is-finally-tracking-school-shootings-the-numbers-are-alarming
October 11, 2018 Campus Security & Life Safety. https://campuslifesecurity.com/articles/2018/10/11/students-create-database-of-every-k12-school-shooting.aspx?admgarea=Topics&m=1
October 9, 2018 WIVB Buffalo, NY. https://www.wivb.com/news/national/database-shows-information-on-school-shootings-in-us/1509455151
October 9, 2018 KOLD Tucson, AZ. http://www.tucsonnewsnow.com/2018/10/09/new-database-includes-school-shootings-past-decades/
October 9, 2018 WAVY Portsmouth, VA. https://www.wavy.com/news/national/database-shows-information-on-school-shootings-in-us/1509766823
October 9, 2018 WTNH New Haven, CT. https://www.wtnh.com/news/technology/california-students-create-school-shooting-database/1510085657
October 8, 2018 KSBW Monterey, CA. https://www.ksbw.com/article/all-central-coast-school-shootings-documented-in-new-database/23657504
October 8, 2018 WKBN Youngstown, OH. https://www.wkbn.com/news/local-news/database-of-school-shootings-includes-73-shooting-at-rayen-high-school/1509362149
October 1, 2018 Emergency Management. http://www.govtech.com/em/emergency-blogs/disaster-zone/a-school-shooting-database.html