Growth of Multidisciplinary Scientific Research

This module provides an overview of the growth of multi-disciplinary scientific research and how that research applies to defense and infrastructure rapid technological advancement.

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Resource List

These resources provide a baseline of understanding, but as the scientific research continues to evolve, new data will become available.


  • International Journal of Nanotechnology (IJNT): IJNT offers a multidisciplinary source of information in all subjects and topics related to Nanotechnology, with fundamental, technological, as well as societal and educational perspectives. Special issues are regularly devoted to research and development of nanotechnology in individual countries and on specific topics. Main page at:
  • European Physical Journal Applied Metamaterials (EPJ AM): EPJ AM is an open access platform for multidisciplinary researchers to exchange information on metamaterials with a focus on high impact engineering applications. Main page at:

Recent Publications and Journal Articles:

  • Fundamental Research and U.S. National Security: A journal article that discusses the role of scientific research in U.S. national security. The article highlights several recent technological advances that were funded by the DoD and explains that a decrease in federal funding for research has resulted in the United States no longer leading the world in science and technology.
  • Earthquake Resistance of Structures Using Dampers – A Review: A journal article about vibration mitigation of structures subjected to environmental and manmade loads. The article includes magnetorheological fluids as one type of mitigation used for bridges.
    • Citation: Gowda and Kiran, 2013. Earthquake Resistance of Structures Using Dampers – A Review. International Journal of Advances Structures and Geotechnical Engineering, 2(1): 31-35. Accessed April 2017.
  • A 21st Century Science, Technology, and Innovation Strategy for America’s National Security: A strategy that reflects input from and deliberation among the science, technology, and innovation components of the Departments and Agencies responsible for carrying out the Nation’s national security mission. This strategy sets forth how the U.S. national security science, technology, and innovation enterprise should evolve to address the challenges and opportunities imposed by a new landscape of national security technology concerns in the 21st century.
  • Career Paths in Multidisciplinary Research: An opinion paper released by the Life, Environmental and Geo Sciences Committee that discusses the importance of multidisciplinary research and makes recommendations about the lack of clear evaluation metrics for scientists working in multidisciplinary teams.
  • Atomic Batteries: Energy from Radioactivity: An article about various atomic batteries with perspectives of development and comparisons of performance parameters and cost.
  • Large Scale Mechanical Metamaterials as Seismic Shields: A journal article about a novel approach that uses large-scale mechanical metamaterials to address the problem of earthquake damage from acoustic waves. The article describes how 3D simulations were used to test the feasibility of a passive isolation strategy for seismic waves.
  • Collaboration in the National Security Arena: Myths and Reality – What Science and Experience Can Contribute to its Success: An inter-agency/multi-disciplinary white paper that includes 35 articles addressing U.S. Government agency and operational perspectives, scientific disciplines studying collaboration, common barriers to collaboration, findings from applied research on collaboration, and finally potential enablers for collaboration. It is primarily intended for the operational and policy community in DoD, the Intelligence Community (IC), DHS, and other U.S. Government agencies. The authors are from the IC, Services, USG agencies, FFRDCs, academia, and the private sector.
  • The Long View of Nanotechnology Development: The National Nanotechnology Initiative at 10 years: A journal article about the development of the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) since 2000 in the international context, the main outcomes of the R&D programs after 10 years, the governance aspects specific to this emerging field, lessons learned, and most importantly, how the nanotechnology community should prepare for the future.
  • Energy Innovation at the Department of Defense: Assessing the Opportunities: A report that provides an overall synthesis of key issues surrounding energy innovation at DoD, and then presents four papers that explore distinctive perspectives and elements of the DoD innovation process.
  • Trends in U.S.-China Science and Technology Cooperation: Collaborative Knowledge Production for the Twenty-First Century?: A report on the scientific collaboration that has occurred between the U.S. and China and how that relationship has evolved over the course of 35 years.
  • Military and National Security Implications of Nanotechnology: A journal article about recent advancements in nanotechnology in the U.S. and how they are revolutionizing modern warfare.
  • Metamaterials: A Leading Edge of Science and Technology: A review paper that gives a brief history of metamaterials and describes their various uses in different fields.
  • Nanotechnology-Based Therapies for Skin Wound Regeneration: A journal article that presents an overview on the current applications of nanotechnology to wound healing and wound care.
  • A Better Battery: Chemists are Reinventing Rechargeable Cells to Drive Down Costs and Boost Capacity: A journal article that discusses the changes in battery technology in recent years and the current research being conducted.

Other Resources:

These materials were developed as an initiative of the Advanced Thinking in Homeland Security (HSx) curriculum at the Center for Homeland Defense and Security.

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