Foreign Cyber Threats to the United States (annotated)

On January 5, 2017, The Honorable James R. Clapper, Director of National Intelligence, delivered a Joint Statement for the Record to the Senate Armed Services Committee on foreign cyber threats to the U.S.

The Center for Homeland Defense and Security at the Naval Postgraduate School has produced and provided a multi-media enhanced, annotated version of this original text document.

Information and communication technologies play an increasing role in the security of the United States. Cyberspace is both a resource on which our continued security and prosperity depends, and a globally contested medium within which threats manifest themselves. As their cyber capabilities grow, our adversaries are demonstrating a willingness to use cyberspace as a platform for espionage, attack, and influence. Foreign Intelligence Entities continue to quietly exploit our nation’s public and private sectors in the pursuit of policy and military insights, sensitive research, intellectual property, trade secrets, and personally identifiable information.

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