Lipana: DSCA ‘No-Fail’ Mission for Guard
Lieutenant Colonel Noel Lipana has been promoted with the California National Guard to a position that will place him in the forefront of policy making in matters such as disaster response and providing Defense Support of Civil Authorities (DSCA).
Lipana, a 2011 graduate Of the Naval Postgraduate School Center for Homeland Defense and Security (CHDS), was promoted to deputy director for Plans and Operations.
Duties will include planning, training, exercising and deploying California’s Civil Support Task Force, which includes its Civil Support Teams and its tiered DSCA response forces.
"In California on average we execute one civil support mission every three days," Lipana said while visiting the NPS campus. "We are the most highly tasked Guard in the country."
Lipana’s visit coincided with that of General Charles Jacoby Jr., commander of the U.S. Northern Command (NORTHCOM), who visited CHDS to be briefed on the academic value of CHDS. A day prior, Jacoby met with senior civilian and military leaders at the California National Guard Headquarters in Sacramento, Calif. One of NORTHCOM’s primary missions is homeland security and DCSA.
The concept of "dual-status command" included in the 2011 Defense Re-Authorization Act recently clarified Constitutional authorities for commanding Active Duty and Guard forces under one for DSCA. A dual-status commander provides for a single commander of federal and state troops during a disaster response for a specified number of days.
During a speech at the 2010 CHDS Alumni Conference, Assistant Secretary of Defense Paul Stockton, formerly CHDS executive director, outlined the concept under a proposal he called “Unity of Effort.” The concept had previously been called for under a 2008 bill.
"It provides one chain of command for civil authorities to mission and use military resources," Lipana said of the concept. "What that does is give our staffs an integration point to work together."
One California National Guard Colonel is designated as a dual-status commander and others are in training, Lipana said.
"That (DSCA) is a no-fail mission for us," Lipana said.
During Jacoby’s visit to the CA National Guard headquarters in Sacramento officials discussed what capabilities their agencies can bring to an event and what resources they would need help filling. That meeting also included Governor Brown’s senior advisor Jacob Appelsmith, Federal Emergency Management Agency Region IX Administrator Nancy Ward, California Emergency Management Agency Secretary Mark Ghilarducci, and representatives from the U.S. Coast Guard and Active and Reserve military partners from throughout the state.
That composition exemplified the value of CHDS, Lipana said.
"In that room were no less than five CHDS alumni or current students," Lipana observed. "CHDS has provided us a network both from a personal standpoint and technological standpoint to collaborate on responding to emergencies, to plan and execute our missions."
From a technological standpoint, the 129th Rescue Wing has applied a technology developed at NPS called Global Information Network Architecture (GINA). Col. Jeff Magram researched and wrote his thesis on the application, which is developed at NPS under the direction of Dr. Thomas Anderson.
GINA allows users to access strands of information from enterprise systems and networks to gain precise situational awareness, rather than accessing huge chunks of intelligence and manually analyzing it. The architecture can allow for interoperable communications when commercial networks are down following a disastrous event. It has a variety of military and emergency management uses.
From a personal standpoint, the network of CHDS alumni that is available as resources naturally contains an element of trust and reliance because of association with the Center.
"When you pull up an alumnus in the directory to call them, you say ‘CHDS or NPS,’ and the door opens," Lipana said. "It’s a good start to a dialog. CHDS is discriminating academically for admission. There is a certain culture and brand in what the school breeds. We trust each other. It’s that network. You don’t want to let them down and they don’t want to let you down."